Economically competitive and sustainable bioeconomy solutions are urgently needed to guarantee sustainability in the foreseeable scarcity of natural biomass production. The BioCity Turku Research Programme “Advanced Bioresources and Smart Bioproducts” program utilizes the synergy emerging from basic research from the University of Turku and Åbo Akademi University, combined with applied science and engineering, as well as extensive cooperation with industry. Our joint efforts will be used to boost the development of bioeconomy, sustainable use of clean technology, biobased renewable natural resources as well as efficient recycling of materials. The goal is to create scientifically groundbreaking findings and to educate students with skills and creative problem-solving ability for the needs of industry and the scientific community.